Primary Source Description notes

What is a primary source?

  • “Original source”- Data authors generate themselves.
  • Multimodal source.
  • Dependant upon who’s using it

What is a “secondary source”?

  • Reporting someone’s point of view about data already generated.
  • Example: reading new papers of the person on your names quilt

Look at the "Rate Schedule" Sign, last line!

Objective description (writing down specific details) what’s there

  • There’s a woman
  • Her head is slightly turned to the right
  • The photo is grey scale
  • She’s focusing on something (eyes are narrow)
  • There is a sign that says “Good coffee, cheaper than Prozac”
  • It looks like the lady has eyebrow makeup and eye make up on. (dark & thick)
  • The woman’s ear is bare
  • Summed up: The woman’s head is slightly turned to the right, and it appears that she is focusing on something.
  • The woman’s head is turned, slightly to the right. Her eyes appear narrowed on a point behind her. Her mouth is drawn straight.

Subjective experience (memories, analogies, judgments, conclusions, analysis, imaged, connections, relationship) drawing conclusions

  • She looks confused
  • She could be working, possibly at a restaurant
  • Her eyebrows look like she drew them on
  • Photo seems to be taken decades ago
  • The woman has a snotty look on her face

Context (“facts surrounding the thing time/place/ social context)

Write complete sentences when describing objective description.Useful terms: “it appears to be” “seems like” generate a lot of material.

In annotations draw connections to yourself.


Active Reading

Cosmos Crayon

a) What is the article about? Discusses a crayon like an object, in Britain. Made of a mineral.

b) What is interesting or problematic about the article? They said it’s 1000 years old, thus suggesting that the people are literal and civil.

c) What questions does the article inspire you? Is imaging the object as a “crayon” imposing a contemporary imagination unreasonably upon an ancient object?


Paraphrased passage from Haltman

“While only some of the culture takes material form, the part that records the shape and imprint of otherwise more abstract, conceptual, or even metaphysical aspects of that culture that quite literally embody” (2)

Objects carry more meaning than their face value. If you analyze them and hypothesis them you can then learn about the culture they came from.


Haltman V. Sadowski


Material culture is when people use certain objects and resources to help understand their culture. 3-D print is basically the print of an object to replace an old object into more what you need rather than going out and shopping for it. Combining both Material Culture and 3-D printing we can employ many ways incorporate touch and several  other senses into our cultural senses. This therefore has a great impact on those who are visually impaired. The 3-D structure is one of many great technological advancements that can help advance the experience of one who is impaired.3-D printing is important for research and also the reconstruction of many different objects. Through this 3-D printing can help retrieve old methods of teaching and learning.

The most challenging part of this assignment would be making the connection between both material culture and 3-D printing. I learn that when I annotate I should point out stuff that applies to both texts some that the connection could be made a lot easier.

Conventions of the Book & Blog Genre

Other Sociologist (Blog): 

  • Bright colors
  • Updated
  • “About Me”: Author presence
  • Images
  • Links (rhetorical)
  • Constantly updated (post)
  • Pages/ Menu

Haltman (Book):

  • Centered title page
  • Subtitle
  • Audience: Researchers so that it can be cited. there the author puts the name on every page for research purposes.
  • Specific lexicon
  • Work cited page
  • Linguistic text
  • A lot of space: uses space to communicate meaning.
  • Publish information on the bottom of each page
  • Black and White (Grayscale)