Tag Archives: lgbt rights

Annotated Bibliography Two

The Names Project preserves panels that have powerful images and stories that are contained within them. This helps expand the awareness of AIDS everywhere. Currently, there are more 48,000 panels that make up the quilt, and it continues to grow. Some letter includes letters and photos which help represent what multimodality is.The Names Project help ensure that the Quilt and those represented in them live on. Hopefully the source below can help answer my research question which is: How are individuals who lived in the Eureka Valley, San Fransico (The Castro) embodied in the Aids Quilt?

Delineating differences: Sub-communities in the San Francisco gay community

Ben Peacock, a., Stephen L. Eyre, a., Sandra Crouse Quinn, a., & Susan Kegeles, a. (2001). Delineating Differences: Sub-Communities in the San Francisco Gay Community. Culture, Health & Sexuality. http://eds.b.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.gsu.edu/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=4&sid=75aa026c-9e6c-4159-9709-45175020e595%40sessionmgr103

There are several authors for this source but Stephen L. Eyre graduated from The University of California with a Ph.D. The purpose of this article is to analyze the subgroup of gay and bisexual men of color in San Fransico, and how they are a community that is conceived as monolithic. This article discusses how subcommittees develop around culturally charged areas. The intended audience for this article would be anyone who wants to know about gay men of color that live in San Fransico that are conceived as monolithic. This information would be helpful to anyone who wants to learn more about gay men of color in San Francisco.

This article was not useful to the connection of my artifact. I pursued this article for information about gay men of color in San Francisco( because Bobby Orr was Hispanic) and possibly how they could have been treated differently than others.

Homeless gay and transgender youth of color in San Francisco:“No one likes street kids”—Even in the Castro

RECK, J. (2009). Homeless Gay and Transgender Youth of Color in San Francisco: “No One Likes Street Kids”—Even in the Castro. Journal Of LGBT Youth.   http://eds.a.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.gsu.edu/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=4&sid=71902a03-ad50-42ae-adbf-0fd418bd87cb%40sessionmgr4008

Jen Reck is the author of this article and has been a lecturer in the Departments of Sociology and Sexuality Studies at San Francisco State University. In this article she examines how family issues, poverty, and homophobia lead them to homelessness, thus making “gay-friendly” places meaningful to them. The purpose of this article is to see how participation in a friendly gay neighborhood contributes to the variability of gay youth. The intended audience for this article who be a researcher who wants to learn how different environments affects the behavior or attitude of a person. This information would be helpful to someone who is interested in learning about this stuff, or someone who simply wants to join one of these communities.

Photo by Trip advisor

This is useful to my connection to this artifact because it discusses how in different and better environments gay youth can really explore their identities. So in a different environment, they can really be themselves rather than hiding who they really are and that’s what the Castro was created for.

The bisexual bridge revisited: sexual risk behavior among men who have sex with men and women, San Francisco, 1998–2003

Prabhu, R., Owen, C. L., Folger, K., & McFarland, W. (2004). The bisexual bridge revisited: sexual risk behavior among men who have sex with men and women, San Francisco, 1998-2003. Aids.    https://journals.lww.com/aidsonline/Fulltext/2004/07230/The_bisexual_bridge_revisited___sexual_risk.19.aspx

There are several authors of this article but Willi McFarland graduated from UCSF School of Medicine with his MD, Ph.D., and MPH. In this are they wanted to make the connection between unprotected anal intercourse with one or more panters of unknown HIV increased in bisexual men than in women. The purpose of this was to see who was more immune to the disease and it showed that women were. The intended audience of this study would be anyone who is research aids and immunity regarding gender. This information who be useful for someone who wants to learn how to prevent this from happening to them.

This connects to my artifact because Bobby Orr was a male and died of aids. So maybe because he was a man and he also probably wasn’t protected is why he died from aids.

Transitioning through AIDS epidemics-gender and temporality

Pinto, C. S., Dos Santos Fernandes, C. E., Oliveira, R. d., Matos, V. d., & Motta de Castro, A. C. (2015). Transitioning through AIDS epidemics – gender and temporality. The Brazilian Journal Of Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication Of The Brazilian Society Of Infectious Diseases.   http://eds.a.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.gsu.edu/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=7&sid=71902a03-ad50-42ae-adbf-0fd418bd87cb%40sessionmgr400

Pinto CS is the Health Department of the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Campo Grande, Brazil. In this article, they wanted to understand the evolution of AIDS over time in Brazil using incidence, lethality, and morality coefficients. In this study, they found that AIDS was higher among men, during the first 14 years of this epidemic, and that women were 1.3 times more likely to survive than men. This information would be useful for someone who is doing research looking for the correlation between aids and gender. The intended audience for this study would researchers who want more information on aids and gender so that they can make a conclusion.

This article was useful to the connection to my article because Bobby Orr was a male and died of aids. The only flaw with this is that the research was done in Brazil, and not America. At the time this epidemic wasn’t only affecting people in America but all over the world.

Trips to fantasy island: contexts of risky sex for San Francisco gay men

Díaz, R. M. (1999). Trips to Fantasy Island: Contexts of Risky Sex for San Francisco Gay Men. Sexualities   http://journals.sagepub.com.ezproxy.gsu.edu/doi/pdf/10.1177/136346099002001005

Rafael Diaz has a Ph.D. and is a licensed clinical psychologist, who does psychotherapy for Gay men, in Santa Rosa, Ca. This article gives an analysis based on the comparison of sexual sexcapade reported in interviews with gay men in San Fransico. The purpose of this article is to make interpersonal connections that connect to our need for sexual safety and health with eventually overpowers. The intended audience for this article would be someone who wants to make the connection between gay men of San Fransico and sexual experiences and how it can emotionally affect them. This information who be helpful someone doing research on gay men and aids.

This article was useful for the connection to my artifact because not only does it make the connection of gay men in San Fransico and AIDS but it also its describes the emotional connection of it. How they feel the need to be wanted and connected just like everyone else.

 

Primary Source Description Two

About the Quilt

The Names Project was created by a small group of strangers who came together in San Francisco there mission was to document the lives of those would die from aids. They did this by creating a memorial “the quilt” so that they could be remembered. The quilt is a reminder of the AIDS epidemic in the 1960’s. In the quilt, a single block is composed of eight individual panels, and a panel is 3 by 6-foot, which is typically the size of a human grave.According to a coordinator of the NAMES Project, Roddy Williams there are currently 5959 blocks. This is a website where all 5959 panels can be found, the panels described here is 1333:  http://aidsquilttouch.org/experience-quilt

Photo taken by Cache’ Downer

Each block has a number located on the back top right of each block. Located in the first column and the second row is the panel decribed throughout this website. The subject of this quilt’s memorial is Bobby Orr is the name on quilt 1333.

Photo captured by: Cache’ Downer

The primary colors on this quilt are blue, white, and yellow. In this description, this panel will be described in its totality from top to bottom. In sections organized by a description of a specific section. Many objects on this panel have been stitched on with what appears to be a blue thin cotton material. Some photos, mostly letters have been laminated, probably so that the photos can be preserved. The others are of a cotton-like material. First I will start describing the bold text, the letters, and then significant photos with a description of each.

Bold Text

Photo taken by Cache’ Downer

The name “Bobby Orr” with placed on the top left side of the panel in a big white bold text. That was probably placed there to emphasize that is the name of the person who they lost. The question is who is “they”? That question would hopefully be answered later in this description. Underneth his name it has the numbers (4-59 and 1-89)  which states the month and year of his death which would be April 1959 – January 1989. I assumed the 20th century because most of the surrounding panels the years of the 1900’s and the aids epidemic as stated in this description occurred during the 1960’s.

Photo captured by Cache’ Downer

On the upper right side of the letter “R” is a photo of a gentleman who I assume is Bobby Orr. This photo was placed here by the people who created the panel to not only represent who Bobby Orr was but to also show us what he looks like. He appears to be on the edge of a pier of some type surrounded by water. The photo has a brown, grey like color scale scheme. This is a use of an aural multimodality because his photo is used to describe how old he would have been if he were still and how long ago it was. It would have been helpful if the year of the photo would have been on there to provide us with a better understanding. According to Ball’s “What Are Multimodal Projects?”, multimodal “describes how we combine multiple different ways of communicating in everyday life”. There are five different modes of communication: visual, linguistic, spatial, gestural, and aural. In this panel, aural, visual, and linguistic are used. http://s18.pdarrington.net/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/ArolaSheppardBall.pdf

Letters

Photo by Cache’ Downer

The letters presented on this panel are a linguistic mode of communication, meaning that it is written. Located at the bottom of the panel are four letters. Some are from Bobby to others and the rest are of these letters are from the “they” stated previously. They were the love ones that that created the panel for to represent Bobby and what he stood for. The first letter is right underneath the photo of Bobby Orr, it is a letter from both Debbie and John: who are probably the people that created this panel for him. In this letter (linguistic mode of communication) both Debbie and John are wishing Bobby a fond farewell. They state how they created this panel to help represent him and what he stood for, and they say how they miss him and that where ever he is they how that he likes the panel that they have created for him.

Photo captured by Cache’ Downer

The next letter was written by Bobby which was sent to someone he was close to, John Kappers, who is obviously someone Bobby Orr was close to. The letter has a location on it which is San Francisco this is important because there are several connections to San Fransico on this panel, so San Francisco could have been a very important location for Bobby. He begins the letter by apologizing to John because he wasn’t able to make a call to John because of how busy he was. He continues to states how saw a counselor, and how this counselor gave him some positive advice and a positive outlook on something, I assume it has to be something about aids because this is obviously something he could have been struggling with. He also states how St. Francis Hospital offered him a job as an “Assistant Unit of Wester Psychiatric Center”, there he’ll be making $11/hr. He concludes this letter by saying he met a “hunk” and that he plans on seeing them again sometime, this statement resolves any further doubt I had about Bobby being gay.

Photo by Cache’ Downer

This letter was written by Bobby to Debbie, the main topic of this letters was about his travels. He was in St. Croix but then took a boat to St. Thomas and then sailed back to Parguern. He apologizes for not being able to see her, but that it’s okay because he’s excited about their trip to New York.

These letters help give us a better understanding of who Bobby Orr was as a person and what he stood for. They are many clues within this panel that state Bobby Orr is apart of the LGBT community and some more of this will be discussed in the next section.

Significance of Photos

The photo was taken by Cache’ Downer

All of the photos on this panel a visual mode of communication to help show us what Bobby Orr stood for. On this panel, there were four photos that had “New York” or “NYC” printed on it. All of them feel like it made from a cotton material. This photo has 5 taxi cabs and on each taxi cab, there’s a significant white and black checkered-like pattern which also appears at the bottom the line of the taxis and above the name “New York” which is highlighted with the same yellow color of the taxis.

Photo by Cache Downer

This has a similar checked like the pattern but instead, this one has a blue and black pattern. This patter could hep suggest that Bobby Orr was interested in checkers and also liked playing checkers. So I began to do research first I search “New York checker 1989” (year of his death), All that came up was information about taxi cabs.

Photo by Cache Downer

I added the word “gay”, because of this photo, and also because in one of the letters Bobby mentions how he meets a hunk”. So now it’s “New York gay checker 1989”.

 

Photo by Cache’ Downer

What pops up was interesting because under People also search for, “The Castro in the 1980’s” was there. This is interesting because one of the photos stitched onto this panel has the name Castro on it.

Photo by Cache’ Downer

In the letters before San Francisco was brought up, and having this photo here brings it to it. According to Huffington Post https://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/03/10/thomas-alleman_n_4915182.html, the Castro was the located in San Francisco where “a group of people who for countless years had been marginalized, cast- out, even hated came to live in a neighborhood where they built their own vibrant culture.” Thus, creating the name of my website “The Castro”.

 

 

Annotated Bibliography One

The Names Project was a memorial created so that those who died from AIDS would be remembered. Below are some sources that make a connection between the AIDS epidemic and the panel that I have chosen for this project which is about Bobby Orr.

Gay Identity-Related Factors and Sexual Risk Among Men Who Have Sex with Men in San Fransico

Flores, S. A., Mansergh, G., Marks, G., Guzman, R., & Colfax, G. (2009). Gay identity-related factors and sexual risk among men who have sex with men in San Francisco. AIDS Education And Prevention: Official Publication Of The International Society For AIDS Education. http://eds.a.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.gsu.edu/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=4&sid=7a3db852-fe43-4422-a7d9-c5818f6d9bb2%40sessionmgr4007

There are several authors of this article, like Stephen A. Flores who graduated from University of Texas medical school with honors. These authors used evidence like bibliographies and tables to make the relationship between gays and unprotected anal sex. The purpose of this article is to see if gays and unprotected anal sex have any correlation to the aids epidemic, they take in consideration of many factors such as; racial and ethnical differences. In this case, Bobby Orr ethical difference would have been of the Hispanic community. A researcher who is looking for extra data or evidence may be interested in this article. Those who are gay or are interested in anal sex may find this researcher and information useful.

This article is related to Bobby Orr because he was gay and was probably affected by the aids epidemic for this reason. Though it may not be very helpful for him, in this study they are doing this to get a better understanding of the relationship between the two and how they correlate between one another.

Growing older with HIV/AIDS: new public health challenges

Cahill, S., & Valadéz, R. (2013). Growing Older With HIV/AIDS: New Public Health Challenges. American Journal Of Public Health. http://eds.a.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.gsu.edu/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=9&sid=7a3db852-fe43-4422-a7d9-c5818f6d9bb2%40sessionmgr4007

Sean Cahill, Ph.D. is Director of Health Policy Reseach at the Fenway Institute. In this article they are trying to find a way to help prevent aids/ HIV, using long-term antiretroviral. The purpose of this article is to find research that could improve the health outcome for those who are HIV positive because there are some challenges that we have discovered now that we didn’t know during the 1960’s. The intended audience is other researchers who are also trying to improve the health of those who are HIV positive. This information would be useful for someone who found out they have HIV.

This does connect to my article because though Bobby Orr died from aids, he did have some time to grow with it which made a huge impact on his life. This information who have been helpful to Bobby Orr because with this treatment he could have probably lived a long life.

Homeless lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) youth in New York City: Insights from the field

Ream, G. L., & Forge, N. R. (2014). Homeless Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Youth in New York City: Insights from the Field. Child Welfare  http://scholarworks.gsu.edu.ezproxy.gsu.edu/ssw_facpub/61 http://scholarworks.gsu.edu.ezproxy.gsu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1062&context=ssw_facpub

Ream and Forge are the authors of this article and are affiliated with Adelphi University and Georgia Stae University. This article only reviews information that already exists to make the connection of LGBT youth that is homeless in New York City. The purpose of this article is to describe how people who are LGBT have been kicked out of there homes and involved themselves with drug and sexual activities, causing them to get aids/ HIV. The intended audience s from researchers looking for a way to get youth children off of the streets of New York. This information who be helpful for anyone who is interested in doing research on homelessness and LGBT.

This article wasn’t useful for my connection to my artifact. I pursued this article to find more information about the LGBT community in New York of the 1980’s. New York was a visual mode of communication on my panel and I thought making the connection between aids and New York during the 1980’S would help give more information about aids and the LGBT Community.

Recipes for Attention: Policy Reforms, Crises, Organizational Characteristics, and the Newspaper Coverage of the LGBT Movement, 1969–2009

Elliott, T. A., Amenta, E., & Caren, N. (2016). Recipes for Attention: Policy Reforms, Crises, Organizational Characteristics, and the Newspaper Coverage of the LGBT Movement, 1969-2009. Sociological Forum.   http://eds.a.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.gsu.edu/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=1&sid=5c91d30e-29ea-4154-b835-206c1d2892f9%40sessionmgr4008

Edwin Amenta is an American socialist known for his study in social policy and social movements. They use qualitative comparison analyses of the national coverage to help appraise their argument. Which would be that media and politics help integrate organizations characteristics and action. In this article, they wanted to understand why the LGBT Comminutiny had such a high impact on this social movement. This article is for researchers interested in social relations and social movements. The information could be useful for anyone who feels left out or neglected by the world and wants to do something positive about it.

Photo by KCET

This article is very useful for my artifact because it’s obvious that Bobby Orr stood for something, so for him to know that he had all this support and that he wasn’t the only one would have been very empowering. This photo is from the era of limits for the LGBT Community during the 1970’s in Los Angeles.   https://www.kcet.org/shows/lost-la/rethinking-the-era-of-limits-

Safe Sex in the 1970s: Community Practitioners on the Eve of AIDS

Blair, T. R. (2017). Safe Sex in the 1970s: Community Practitioners on the Eve of AIDS. American Journal Of Public Health. http://eds.a.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.gsu.edu/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=15&sid=7a3db852-fe43-4422-a7d9-c5818f6d9bb2%40sessionmgr4007

The author of this scholarly source is Blair TR, who graduated from the University of California and has a degree in Psychiatry and behavioral sciences. Blair used evidence of developing materials that would help define sexual health education for approximately four decades, to increase safe sex activities. The purpose o this source is to encourage readers to have safer sex. The intended audience of this article come be for researchers who are looking for ways to encourage safe sex or possibly college students.  Someone who’s family member who has recently died of aids would possibly be interested in help prevent others from getting aids.

Photo by The Odyssey

This source connects to my artifact because for Bobby Orr and article like would have been very helpful. Showing and explaining ways to prevent aids/HIV for people just like him. This information who have been helpful to him while he was alive. The photo here just reminds ever one to use protection to prevent not only aids but pregnancy and other possible infections.

 

 

 

 

Primary Source Description

Primary Source Description One

Information about the quilt

A single block is normally composed of 8 panels. The typical size of a panel is approximate to 3 by 6 feet which is the size of a human grave. On the back of the block in the upper right corner, you can find the block number. According to one of the Names Project coordinators, Roddy Williams there are currently 5959 blocks, which is more than 48,000 panels. The quilt described here is 1333 and can be found on the names project website:  http://aidsquilttouch.org/experience-quilt

Panel 1333
Photo: AidsQulitTouch

Panels are the size of a human grave because they represented loved ones who have died of AIDS, shining the light in the AIDS epidemic. Bobby Orr is the name on quilt 1333, located in the first column and the second row.

Photo captured by Cache’ Downer

 

The primary colors featured on this panel would be blue, white, yellow, red and pink. This panel will be described in its totality. Several objects on this panel have been stitched on, some laminated. First I will describe the bold letters and numbers. Next, I will describe everything else on the right side of it.

Bold Text

Bobby Orr is the name on the quilt that is in big white letters on the left side of the panel. Probably there to emphasize that this is the name of the person they lost. Underneath that states the month and year of his death and birth (4-59, 1-89), which is March 1959- January 1989. The 20th century is assumed because in most of the other surrounding panels the date was of the 20th century.

Photo captured by Cache’ Downer

Next to the R on the right side of the name is a photo. I believe this photo was placed here because this is a photo of Bobby Orr. The photo is laminated, probably so that it can be preserved for a long time. The laminated photo was stitched on with a blue string. The photo is a bit creased, meaning that it been there for a while. The photo itself has a brown, grey color scheme meaning that it was taken a while ago. This is also assumed because he died in 1989.

Letters

Photo captured by Cache’ Downer

At the bottom of the panel, there are four letters: one from Debbie and John, one to Debbie, and two to John.Under the photo is a letter from John and Debbie, sending their farewells after Bobby died and staying that they hope he likes it.  

Photo captured by Cache’ Downer

This letter was written by Bobby sent to someone he is close to (John Kappers), who is obviously someone he talks to often.  He begins this letter by apologizing because he wasn’t able to make a call to John. He continues to states how he is going to see a counselor, this counselor gave him positive feedback and also a positive outlook on something (assuming it’s about him having aids). He also states how St. Francis Hospital offered him a job as an “Assistant Unit Coordinator of the Wester Psychiatric Center”, where he will be making $11/hr. He finishes the letter by staying he meets a “hunk” and plans on seeing them again. 

Photo by Cache’ Downer

This letter was written by Bobby sent to someone he is close to (John Kappers), who is obviously someone he talks to often.  He begins this letter by apologizing because he wasn’t able to make a call to John. He  continues to states how he is going to see a counselor, this counselor gave him positive feedback and also a positive outlook on something (assuming it’s about him having aids). He also states how St. Francis Hospital offered him a job as a “Assistant Unit Coordinator of the Wester Psychotic Center”, where he will be making $11/hr. He finishes the letter by staying he meet a “hunk” and plans on seeing them again.

Photo by Cache’ Downer

In this letter, Bobby is writing to Debbie about his travels. He was in St. Croix but then took a boat to St. Thomas and then sailed back to Parguern. He apologizes for not being able to see her but that he is excited about the there trip to New York. These letters give us to get insight into Bobby’s life. He confirms that he is interested in guys, but this also says a lot about his traveling.

Significance of Photos

Photo taken by Cache’ Downer

On this panel there were four photos that had “New York” or  NYC written on it.  This photo feels like cotton material and was appears to be stitched on with the same blue like string that the photo of Bobby Orr was in and the rest f the letters. This photo has 5 taxi cabs and on each taxi cab there’s a significant white and black checkered like pattern which also appears at the bottom  the line of the taxis and above the name “new york” which is highlighted with the same yellow color of the taxis.

Photo by Cache Downer

This has a similar checked like pattern but instead this one has a blue and black pattern. This patter could hep suggest that Bobby Orr was interested in checkers and also liked playing checkers. So I began  to do research first I search “New York checker 1989” (year of his death), All that came up was information  about taxi cabs. Then

Photo by Cache Downer

I added the word “gay”, because of this photo, and also because in one of the letters Bobby mentions how he meet a hunk”. So now it’s “New York gay checker 1989”.

Photo by Cache’ Downer

 

What pops up was interesting because under People also search for, “The Castro in the 1980’s” was there. This is interesting because one of the photos stitched onto this panel has the name Castro on it.

Photo by Cache’ Downer

Accoring to Huffington Post, the Castro was the located in San Francisco where “a group of people who for countless years had been marginalized, cast- out, even hated came to live in a neighborhood where they bulit their own vibrant culture.” Thus, creating the name of my website “The Castro”.